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Civil War Document signed by Abraham
Photo Credit: Idaho State Archives
The Idaho State Historical Society preserves and provides access to a wide number of resources and materials related to Idaho History. On-line indexes are available for the following collections:
Civil War Veterans
Over one thousand Civil War Veterans who lived or died in Idaho have been identified from a variety of records. Records are indexed alphabetically and wherever possible, dates of births, by surname, and deaths, the states from which they served, and the Idaho counties where they resided are included.
Idaho 1890: A Reconstructed Census
Most of the 1890 US Federal Census was destroyed by fire in 1921. The Idaho State Historical Society created Idaho, 1890 with the goal of filling that gap for Idaho researchers. Using federal, state, and local government records, local newspapers, and materials published in nationally distributed genealogical publications, we have attempted to identify as many persons as possible who resided in Idaho from 1885-1894.
The Idaho State Archives holds a rich collection of naturalization records. Selected records from Ada, Alturas, Bingham, Boise, Canyon, Clearwater, Elmore, Idaho, Nez Perce, Oneida, Teton, and Twin Falls counties, and the Idaho Supreme Court have been indexed where the Idaho State Archives holds the original record.
1870 and 1880 Idaho Agricultural, Industrial, Mortality and Other Special Census Schedules
Index of "non-population" schedules including 1870 and 1880 agricultural, industrial, mortality, and other schedules compiled between 1850 and 1910. These special schedules are rich with historical and genealogical information.
Idaho Biographical Index
The Idaho Biographical Index (IBI) is an index of persons named in state, county and community histories, regional periodicals, and selected newspaper articles from around the state and throughout its history.
Mothers’ Pension Records
In 1913, the State of Idaho approved a program to provide a small monthly payment to mothers and orphans under certain circumstances. The Mothers' Pension Records includes material transferred from Ada, Bannock, Bear Lake, Bingham, Blaine, Caribou, Clearwater, Minidoka, Oneida, Power, Teton, and Twin Falls counties. The majority of these records date to the 1920s.
Old Age Pension Records
Old Age Pension Records includes information on over 1,400 program applications from Ada, Kootenai, Twin Falls, Jerome, Clearwater, Bannock, Boundary, and Teton counties, ranging from 1931 to 1936.
The inmate catalog is chronological and the indexed catalog provides a comprehensive list of Idaho territorial and state penitentiary prisoners- men, women, and children- between the years 1864 and 1947. The catalog provides access to inmate files in the custody of the Idaho State Historical Society by names, aliases, register number, crime, county or jurisdiction, age, year of birth, and year of incarceration. The catalog also provides cross-references to establish the identities of inmates for whom individual case files do not survive.
About the Indexes
Please remember, creating a database index is not exact science. When the information on records is first compiled, there is room for error. It is not unusual to find misspellings in all types of older records. These indexes were compiled using original records, many of which are in poor condition and difficult to read.
While the Idaho State Historical Society is greatly concerned with the quality of these indexes, not all errors can be corrected. Information in original records, even when erroneous, cannot be changed. To help make your searches successful, you should be aware of the possibilities of misspellings and different spellings. Consider all the possible variations in a name when doing a search (e.g., Johnson, Johnsen or Jonson). Many names are listed more than once; this is simply an indication that more than one type of record exists for that individual.
Our staff is happy to help with research questions, special fees may apply.
- Review our procedures for submitting a research request.
Please be advised that these online indexes are intended for personal research purposes only and should not be copied or distributed to others in any format, including paper or electronic versions. For more information contact (208) 334-2620 or e-mail.